1. UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

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Year of creation: 1948 AD

God or Prophet: None.

Main books: Universal Declaration of Human Rights

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Main fighters for rights:

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http://www.humanrightscareers.com/issues/human-rights-activists

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https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/campaigns/2019/08/ten-young-activists-shaping-the-world-they-want/

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https://www.treehugger.com/great-heroes-of-human-rights-4864309

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Join the defense of sexual and reproductive rights for all:

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https://www.amnesty.org/en/get-involved/my-body-my-rights/

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Headquarters / Capital in the world: New York, USA

Number of faithful around the world: Unknown.

Symbols:

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The UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS is one of the most productive advances that contemporary society has achieved. Regardless of religions, political positions or beliefs, the common ideal is that all people enjoy the same rights regardless of race, gender, age, beliefs or any other difference that may result in discrimination. The text is as follows:

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THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY proclaims this UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS as a common ideal for which all peoples and nations should strive, so that both individuals and institutions, constantly drawing inspiration from it, promote, through teaching and education, respect for these rights and freedoms, and ensure, through progressive national and international measures, their universal and effective recognition and application, both among the peoples of the Member States and among those of the territories placed under their jurisdiction.

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Article 1.

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights and, endowed as they are with reason and conscience, must behave fraternally with one another.

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Article 2.

Everyone has all the rights and freedoms proclaimed in this Declaration, without any distinction of race, color, sex, language, religion, political opinion or of any other nature, national or social origin, economic position, birth or any other condition. In addition, no distinction will be made based on the political, legal or international condition of the country or territory on whose jurisdiction a person depends, whether it is an independent country, or a territory under fiduciary administration, not autonomous or subject to any another limitation of sovereignty.

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Article 3.

Every individual has the right to life, liberty and security of his person.

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Article 4.

No one will be subjected to slavery or servitude, slavery and the slave trade are prohibited in all their forms.

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Article 5.

No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

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Article 6.

Every human being has the right, everywhere, to the recognition of his legal personality.

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Article 7.

All are equal before the law and are entitled, without distinction, to equal protection of the law. Everyone is entitled to equal protection against any discrimination that violates this Declaration and against any provocation to such discrimination.

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Article 8.

Every person has the right to an effective remedy before the competent national courts, which protects him against acts that violate his fundamental rights recognized by the constitution or by law.

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Article 9.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.

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Article 10.
Every person has the right, under conditions of full equality, to be heard publicly and fairly by an independent and impartial court, for the determination of his rights and obligations or for the examination of any accusation against him in criminal matters.

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Article 11.
1. Every person accused of a crime has the right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty, in accordance with the law and in a public trial in which all the necessary guarantees for his defense have been assured.

2. No one shall be convicted of acts or omissions that at the time of their commission were not criminal according to national or international law. Nor shall a more serious penalty be imposed than that applicable at the time of the commission of the crime.

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Article 12.

No one shall be the object of arbitrary interference with his private life, his family, his home or his correspondence, or of attacks on his honor or reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

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Article 13.

1. Everyone has the right to move freely and to choose his residence in the territory of a State.
2. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.

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Article 14.

1. In the event of persecution, everyone has the right to seek asylum, and to enjoy it, in any country.
2. This right may not be invoked against a legal action really originated by common crimes or by acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

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Article 15.

1. Everyone has the right to a nationality.
2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality or of the right to change his nationality.

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Article 16.

1. Men and women, starting from the age of marriage, have the right, without any restriction on grounds of race, nationality or religion, to marry and found a family, and shall enjoy equal rights regarding marriage, during marriage and in the event of dissolution of the marriage.
2. Only with the free and full consent of the future spouses may a marriage be contracted.
3. The family is the natural and fundamental element of society and has the right to the protection of society and the State.

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Article 17.

1. Everyone has the right to property, individually and collectively.
2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.

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Article 18.

Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; This right includes the freedom to change your religion or belief, as well as the freedom to manifest your religion or belief, individually and collectively, both in public and in private, through teaching, practice, worship and observance.

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Article 19.

Every individual has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; This right includes the right not to be disturbed because of their opinions, to investigate and receive information and opinions, and to disseminate them, without limitation of borders, by any means of expression.

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Article 20.

1. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
2. No one may be forced to belong to an association.

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Article 21.

1. Everyone has the right to participate in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.
2. Everyone has the right of access, under conditions of equality, to public service in his country.
3. The will of the people is the basis of the authority of public power; This will will be expressed through authentic elections that will be held periodically, by universal and equal suffrage and by secret ballot or other equivalent procedure that guarantees freedom of vote.

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Article 22.

Every person, as a member of society, has the right to social security, and to obtain, through national efforts and international cooperation, taking into account the organization and resources of each State, the satisfaction of economic, social and cultural rights. , indispensable to their dignity and to the free development of their personality.

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Article 23.

1. Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of work, to just and favorable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
2. Everyone has the right, without any discrimination, to equal pay for equal work.
3. Every person who works has the right to fair and satisfactory remuneration, which ensures him, as well as his family, an existence in accordance with human dignity and which will be supplemented, if necessary, by any other means of social protection.
4. Everyone has the right to found trade unions and to organize for the defense of their interests.

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Article 24.

Everyone has the right to rest, to enjoy free time, to a reasonable limitation of the duration of work and to periodic paid vacations.

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Article 25.
1. Everyone has the right to an adequate standard of living that assures him, as well as his family, health and well-being, and especially food, clothing, housing, medical assistance and the necessary social services; You are also entitled to insurance in case of unemployment, illness, disability, widowhood, old age or other cases of loss of your means of subsistence due to circumstances independent of your will.
2. Motherhood and childhood have the right to special care and assistance. All children, born in wedlock or out of wedlock, have the right to equal social protection.

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Article 26.

1. Everyone has the right to education. Education should be free, at least with regard to elementary and fundamental instruction. Elementary instruction will be mandatory. Technical and professional instruction must be generalized; access to higher education will be the same for all, depending on the respective merits.
2. Education shall have as its objective the full development of the human personality and the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms; it will promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations and all ethnic or religious groups, and will promote the development of United Nations peacekeeping activities.
3. Parents will have a preferential right to choose the type of education to be given to their children.

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Article 27.

1. Everyone has the right to freely take part in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to participate in scientific progress and in the benefits that result from it.
2. Every person has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests that correspond to him by reason of the scientific, literary or artistic productions of which he is the author.

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Article 28.

Everyone has the right to establish a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms proclaimed in this Declaration are fully effective.

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Article 29.

1. Every person has duties with respect to the community, since only in it can he freely and fully develop his personality.
2. In the exercise of their rights and in the enjoyment of their freedoms, every person will only be subject to the limitations established by law with the sole purpose of ensuring the recognition and respect of the rights and freedoms of others, and of satisfy the just demands of morals, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.
3. These rights and freedoms may not, in any case, be exercised in opposition to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

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Article 30.

Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted in the sense that it confers any right to the State, to a group or to a person, to undertake and develop activities or carry out acts aimed at the suppression of any of the rights and freedoms proclaimed in this Declaration.

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Reference:

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https://www.un.org/es/universal-declaration-human-rights/

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