3. ZOROASTRISM

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Estimated year of creation: There are those who estimate that Zoroastrianism is a reform of the religion practiced by Iranian tribes settled in Turkistan around 1,500 BC

God of Zoroastrianism: Ahura Mazda.

Main Book of Zoroastrianism: The Zend Avesta.

Main prophet of Zoroastrianism: Zoroaster or Zarathustra.

Headquarters / Capital in the world: India and Iran.

Number of faithful around the world: 2.6 million.

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Main symbol of Zoroastrianism: The faravahar.

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Basic principles of Zoroastrianism:

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  1. There is only one God: Ahura Mazda. It is the wisdom, the continuous creator, supporter and promoter of the cosmos.

  2. All superstitious beliefs must be abandoned and all irrational ideas and practices must be terminated.

  3. The religion of good conscience is universal and for everyone.

  4. The universe has been well created and ordered as intended by its creator.

  5. Humanity can, if it chooses, develop all the divine faculties and become creative, and become spiritually perfect and eternally divine.

  6. Ahura Mazda gave humanity freedom of thought, word and deed.

  7. The human being has two mentalities: "mainyu spenta", a progressive mentality that helps to advance and improve, and "mainyu angra", a retrograde mentality that damages the world.

  8. Sooner or later humanity will correct itself and achieve perfection and eternal life.

  9. Men and women are equal and enjoy the same rights in a free and responsible society.

  10. If a person does not choose correctly, his world continues to be chaotic, and he suffers the consequences until he adopts these divine principles.

  11. Caste, color, race and nationality are not part of the universal message of Zoroaster.

  12. Prayers help people communicate with Ahura Mazda. It is what invigorates, guides and satisfies the human spirit, for it helps to experience divine love. It can be done whenever, wherever and in any state.

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Short description of Zoroastrianism.

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Zoroastrianism, by the name of its founder, or Mazdeism, by the name of its deity, is the denomination of religion and philosophy based on the teachings of the Persian prophet and reformer Zoroaster (Zarathustra), who recognize Ahura Mazda as a divinity, considered by Zoroaster as the only uncreated creator of everything. The term Zoroastrianism is a modern construction that, according to the Oxford Dictionary, first appeared in 1874 in Archibald Sayce's Principles of Comparative Philology. The first reference to Zoroaster in the West is attributed to Thomas Browne, who briefly refers to him in his book Religio Medici (1642).

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The term Mazdeism probably derives from Mazdayasna, a compound expression of Avestan that combines the last element of the name Ahura Mazda and the Avestan word yasna, which means devotion. A Persian king, Cyrus the Great, was a follower of that religion.

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Mazdeism or Zoroastrianism is one of the oldest living religions. Part of his teachings passed to Judaism and Christianity, and of these two later to Islam. Furthermore, the beginning of the struggle between good and evil was the basis of Manichaeism since the third century.

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There are those who estimate that Zoroastrianism is a reform of the religion practiced by Iranian tribes settled in Turkistan between 2,000 and 1,000 BC. These tribes were closely linked with the Indo-Aryans, who contributed Sanskrit and all its derived languages ​​in North India, from the year 1700 BC. by C.

Despite the above, the term Zoroastrianism is a modern construction. According to the Oxford Dictionary, it appeared in Archibald Sayce's Principles of Comparative Philology in 1874. But the earliest known reference to Zoroaster in the Western world is dated 1642, when Thomas Brownese refers to him briefly in his book Religio Medici.

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Zoroastrianism and the Indian religion have a common starting point: the figure of the sun god, called Mithra by the Indians and Mithra by the Iranians. This figure evolved in very different ways in each civilization. According to the Rig-Veda and Avesta specialist François Cornillot, for the Indians, Mitra was divided into three different deities: Mitra, Ariamán and Váruna. Among the Iranians, on the other hand, this god kept his unity in the figure of Ahura Mazda, esteemed by the specialist as the mythical personification of Heaven.

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See "Thus Spoke Zarathustra" by the German philosopher, Friedrich Nietzsche.

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Reference:

https://www.diosuniversal.com/Otras-Religiones/Zoroastrismo

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https://www.pressenza.com/es/2013/08/zoroastro-la-religion-de-la-buena-conciencia/

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https://www.pressenza.com/es/2013/08/zoroastro-la-religion-de-la-buena-conciencia/

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